LETTERS AND MONOGRAMS -
FRATERNAL AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS
PLANT AND FLORAL -
ART AND ICONS
Relegious Symbolism - Cross Types
The ties between all religious beliefs and symbolism have always been strong. To the
Christians the greatest symbolic message is in the crucifix. The crucifix or cross can
generate many symbolic messages ranging from love, faith and goodness to terror and
fear (e.g. the Ku-Klux-Klan's use of the burning cross). There are many different types
of Christian crosses worldwide, but only a handful are common in North America.
Latin Cross: One of the oldest symbols of Christianity and the most
commonly used form, it is also the simplest in design. In early times, it was called
Greek Cross It has four arms equal in length and is the traditional symbol
of Christian faith. The equal length drawings of the cross is pre-Christian, and in
paganism, represented the four elements - earth, air, fire and water.
Calvary Cross A latin cross standing on three steps or blocks, it signifies
faith, hope and love. Love is sometimes replaced by charity
Fleuree Cross/Gothic Cross This flowered cross symbolizes the adult Christian
by its more opened flaired out ends
Ionic Cross Similar to the Celtic Cross, it's ends flair outward. The ionic
cross signifies everlasting salvation, love and glory.
Eastern Cross Used in Orthodox (Russian/Greek) Christian Religions, this
cross upper horizontal shoulder representing the inscription over the head of Jesus. The
lower slanting shoulder represents the footrest of the crucified Jesus.
Botonee CrossSo named because of its modified trefoil (three-lobed) ends, represents the trinity
Celtic Cross The circle around the crosspiece symbolizes eternity. It's
origin can be traced to the Celtic cultures of the British Isles.
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